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LOGO: Journal of Cotton Science


Mote Cyclone Robber System PM10 Emission Factors and Rates for Cotton Gins: Method 201A PM10 Sizing Cyclones

Authors: J. Clif Boykin, Michael D. Buser, Derek P. Whitelock, and Gregory A. Holt
Pages: 319-328
Engineering and Ginning
DOI: (

This report is part of a project to characterize cotton gin emissions from the standpoint of stack sampling. The impetus behind this project was the urgent need to collect cotton gin emissions data to address current regulatory issues. A key component of this study was focused on EPA emission factors for particulate matter with a particle diameter nominally less than or equal to 10 µm (PM10). The 1996 EPA AP-42 emission factors were assigned quality ratings, from A (Excellent) to E (Poor), to assess the quality of the data being referenced. Emission factor quality ratings for cotton gins were extremely low. Also, some commonly used cotton gin systems were not represented or were combined with another system under a single emission factor in AP-42. There were no 1996 EPA AP-42 emission factors published for mote cyclone robber systems. The objective of this study was to collect PM10 emission factor data for mote cyclone robber systems at cotton gins located in regions across the cotton belt based on EPA-approved stack sampling methodology, Method 201A. The project plan included sampling seven cotton gins across the cotton belt. Key factors for selecting specific cotton gins included: 1) facility location, 2) production capacity, 3) processing systems, and 4) abatement technologies. Three of the seven gins had mote cyclone robber systems. In terms of capacity, the three gins were typical of the industry, averaging 28.0 bales/h during testing. Some test runs were excluded from the test averages because they failed to meet EPA Method 201A test criteria. Also, other test runs, included in the analyses, had cotton lint fibers that collected in the ≤ 10 µm samples. This larger lint material can affect the reported emissions data, but EPA Method 201A does not suggest methods to account for these anomalies. The mote cyclone robber system average emission factors for PM10 and total particulate were 0.028 kg/227-kg bale (0.061 lb/500-lb bale) and 0.039 kg/bale (0.087 lb/bale), respectively. The mote cyclone robber system PM10 emission rate test averages ranged from 0.36 to 1.71 kg/h (0.79-3.77 lb/h). The ratio of mote cyclone robber system PM10 to total particulate was 70.5%.